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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450

Abstract

RICARDO-RAMIREZ, Carmenza; ALVAREZ-GOMEZ, Matilde  and  RODRIGUEZ-GAZQUEZ, María de los Ángeles. Sociodemographic characteristics and mental disorders in children and adolescents psychiatric outpatient clinic children of Medellin. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2015, vol.44, n.2, pp.115-120. ISSN 0034-7450.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2015.01.002.

Introduction: Mental disorders in the world affecting 15% to 30% in children and adolescents, altering its function and emotional, cognitive and social. Affect interpersonal relationships, school performance and increased substance use and the risk of suicide. Objective: describe the social-demographic characteristics and mental disorders of children and adolescents of psychiatric consultation. Method: Retrospective descriptive study that analyzed all the histories of children and adolescents of both sexes from5 to 16 yearswhoattended for the first time outpatient psychiatry university clinic of Medellin, from July 2010 to July 2012. Results: We studied 197 patients, the average age was 11±3.5 years, male sex was the most common 69%, 46.2% belonged to nuclear family. The most prevalent psychiatric disorders were 44.2%ADHD, depressive disorders 9.1% and 8.1% TOC. 61% had psychiatric comorbidity, the most frequent was oppositional defiant disorder with ADHD 35.6%. Conclusions: The frequency of mental disorders and comorbidities found in this study were similar to those reported by other researchers.

Keywords : Mental disorders; Diagnosis; Child; Adolescent.

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