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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

ESPINOSA SOTO, Katalina et al. Factors Related With Psychoactive Substance Use in an Educational Institution in Jamundí Valle, Colombia. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2016, vol.45, n.1, pp.2-7. ISSN 0034-7450.  http://dx.doi.org/10.10167j.rcp.2015.06.001.

Objective: To estimate the prevalence of psychoactive substances (SPA) use in young people in an educational institution in Jamundí and possible related factors. Methods: Cross-sectional study, analytical approach that simulates cases and controls, was conducted in an educational institution in Jamundí-Valley. The sample was composed of 146 students selected through simple random probability sampling without replacement. Participants individually and anonymously completed a questionnaire to identify SPA consumption and associated factors, including APGAR scale to measure family functioning. The data extracted from the questionnaires were entered into a matrix in Microsoft Excel and processed in Epilnfo version 5.0 and Stata. Descriptive analysis was performed, and a multivariate analysis was performed using unconditional logistic regression. Results: Current consumption of SPA, 35%; age of first use was 10 to 13 years; the prevalence of drug misuse by gender was 34% for girls and 37% in boys. The most consumed legal substance was alcohol 34%, and illegal 3%. The most significant associations with the use of psychoactive substances was; having severe family dysfunction (OR=7.32; 95%CI, 1.7430.76), being enrolled in the 11th grade (OR = 14.6; 95%CI, 2.37-89.74), and having friends who use (OR = 3.12; 95%CI, 2.49-10.38). Conclusions: The results obtained in this study show a high percentage of SPA consumption, with a higher prevalence in males. In this population, the most commonly used legal substance is alcohol. Family dysfunction and school grade were significantly associated with drug misuse.

Palavras-chave : Students; Prevalence; Alcohol drinking; Cannabis smoking; Hallucinogens.

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