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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450


TOBON, Carlos et al. Psychiatric, Cognitive and Emotional Profile in Ex-combatants of Illegal Armed Groups in Colombia. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2016, vol.45, n.1, pp.28-36. ISSN 0034-7450.

Introduction: Exposure to armed conflict produces biological adaptations oriented to handle the highly stressful conditions in war environments. The special features of The Colombian armed create a special scenario to evaluate the human behavior. Objective: In this study, psychiatric, cognitive and emotional processing characteristics of a group of Colombian armed illegal forces of excombatants are described. Methods: Sixty-three ex combatants and 22 controls were assessed with WAIS (IQ), INECO frontal screening (executive functions), Interpersonal Reactivity Index (empathy), emotional features recognition and MINI (psychiatric profile). Results: When compared to the control group, ex-combatants showed higher frequency of antisocial personality disorder (P=.031) and behavioral dissocial disorder (P=.017). In cognitive profile, the ex-combatants showed a lower score in the executive function test (Me = 18.50; RQ=4.00), control (Me = 23.00; RQ=5.25), with a poor personal distress in emphatic profile (Me = 10.00; RQ= 5.00) compared to control group (Me = 37.00; RQ= 7.25). Conclusions: We found differences in cognitive and psychiatric profile in ex-combatants in comparison with controls.

Palavras-chave : Empathy; Executive functions; Combat disorders; Case studies.

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