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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

QUINONES-LAVERIANO, Dante Manuel et al. Geographic Altitude of Residence and Alcohol Dependence in a Peruvian Population. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2016, vol.45, n.3, pp.178-185. ISSN 0034-7450.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2015.11.0020034-7450.

The aim of this study was to determine the association between alcohol dependence and altitude of residence in 11 villages in two high altitude areas of Peru. An analytical cross-sectional study was performed using a survey conducted by physicians in primary health care in 11 villages until 2013, that were divided into low altitude (≤2500 m asl (above sea level)), and high altitude (>2500 m asl) areas. The CAGE test for alcoholism (cut point, ≥2) was applied to those who responded positively when asked if they consumed alcohol. Statistical associations were obtained with generalised linear models Of the 737 participants, 51% were women and the median age was 36 years [interquartile range, 25-50], 334 (45%) lived at low altitude, and 113 (15%) had alcohol dependence. The highest frequency of alcoholism was positively associated with being a village considered extremely poor (Likelihood Ratio (LP) = 2.42; 95%CI, 1.40-4.19), while being female (LP = 0.44; 95%CI, 0.23-0.89) and residing at high altitude (LP = 0.15; 95%CI, 0.07-0.31) were negatively associated. These were adjusted for nine socio-occupational and pathological variables. According to these data, there is a higher frequency of alcohol dependence in being, male, extremely poor, and residing at low altitude. These results should be taken into account by professionals who work in primary care and those involved in mental health care, because of their implications in society.

Palavras-chave : Altitude; Alcoholism; Poverty; Rural population; Alcohol drinking.

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