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vol.45 suppl.1Prevalence and Associated Factors of Mental Disorders in Colombian Child Population, the 2015 National Mental Health SurveyDepression and Anxiety Disorders and Associated Factors in the Adult Colombian Population, 2015 National Mental Health Survey índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

GOMEZ-RESTREPO, Carlos et al. Depression and Anxiety Disorders and Associated Factors in the Adolescent Colombian Population, 2015 National Mental Health Survey. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2016, vol.45, suppl.1, pp.50-57. ISSN 0034-7450.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2016.09.009.

Abstract Introduction: There was a prevalence of mental disorders of 17% in adolescents in the past year. These tended to be chronic and their appearance at this age is associated with a worse prognosis than those in adulthood. Objectives: To determine the prevalence and mental factors associated with major depression and anxiety disorders. Methods: Data were obtained from the IV National Mental Health Survey representing 5 regions. A structured computerised survey was conducted using the Computer Assisted Personal Interview-Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Adolescent Version (CAPI-CIDI-A), focused on the most common depression and anxiety disorders. It included a sample of 1754 adolescents between 12 and 17 years old. Results: The prevalence of any disorder at some point in life was 7.2% (95%CI, 5.8-8.9). The most common disorder corresponded to social phobia manifested sometime in life in 4.8% (95%CI, 3.7-6.2). Less frequent were panic disorder in girls (0.2%; 95% CI, 0.1-1.0) and other bipolar disorders in boys (0.2%; 95%CI, 0.1-0.7). Among the associated factors of suffering fromany disorderwere, being female (OR = 2.1), having little family support (OR = 2.0), having witnessed at least one traumatic event (OR = 2.6), and having had a previous suicide attempt (OR = 3.4). Participation in at least one group was a protective factor (OR = 0.5). Conclusions: Mental disorders of anxiety and depression represent a major burden of disease for Colombia.

Palavras-chave : Epidemiological surveys; Depression; Anxiety disorders; Mental disorders.

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