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vol.45 suppl.1Depression and Anxiety Disorders and Associated Factors in the Adolescent Colombian Population, 2015 National Mental Health SurveySuicidal Behaviour and Associated Factors in Colombia. Results from the 2015 National Mental Health Survey índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

GOMEZ-RESTREPO, Carlos et al. Depression and Anxiety Disorders and Associated Factors in the Adult Colombian Population, 2015 National Mental Health Survey. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2016, vol.45, suppl.1, pp.58-67. ISSN 0034-7450.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2016.04.009.

Abstract Introduction: Mental disorders are the first causes of disability adjusted life years (DALY), contributing with the 7.4%. This value increases as the DALYs of the transmittable diseases decrease. Objectives: To determine the prevalence and associated factors of the major depressive and anxious disorders. Methods: Data obtained from the IV Mental Health Survey with representation from 5 regions. A computerised interview was conducted, focusing on the most frequent anxiety and depressive disorders, using the CIDI CAPI 3.0. A sample of 10,870 adults over 18 years old was obtained. Results: The lifetime prevalence of any of these disorders is 10.1% (95% CI: 8.8-11.5) in the population between 18 and 44 years, and of 7.7% (95% CI: 6.5-9.1) in those older than 45 years. The prevalence in the last 12 months was 5.1% (95% CI: 4.3-6.0) in the younger group, and 2.3% (95% CI: 1.8-3.0) in the older group. Of the people with evaluated mental disorders, 17.6% (95% CI: 13.1-23.4) had 2 or more disorders, a comorbidity that is more common in the female population (20.4%, 95% CI: 14.2-28.3) than in males (13.5%, 95% CI: 7.9-22.0). Major depressive disorder is the most prevalent of the disorders, with a lifetime prevalence of 4.3% (95% CI: 3.7-5.0). After adjusting in a multivariate model, being divorced or widowed (OR = 1.3), previous suicide attempt (OR = 3.3), and having 6 or more features of border-line personality, were associated with an increased risk of presenting with any of the studied disorders. Conclusions: Anxiety and depressive mental disorders are an important health burden in Colombia.

Palavras-chave : Epidemiological surveys; Depression; Anxiety disorders; Mental disorders.

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