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vol.45 suppl.1Suicidal Behaviour and Associated Factors in Colombia. Results from the 2015 National Mental Health SurveyDetermining Factors in the Access to Mental Health Services by the Adult Colombian Population índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

DE LA ESPRIELLA GUERRERO, Ricardo Andrés et al. Alcohol Consumption in the Colombian Population, 2015 National Mental Health Survey. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2016, vol.45, suppl.1, pp.76-88. ISSN 0034-7450.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2016.05.002.

Abstract Introduction: National Survey of Mental Health (ENSM) in 2015 in Colombia asks, among other conditions, about alcohol consumption in people 12-17 years old, and 18 and older. Data were presented by age and region, with no cross-references to other categories of mental health problems, disorders, access to services, and health status. Objective: To assess alcohol consumption in Colombia, taking into account sociodemographic and clinical screening categories included. Methods: Secondary database analysis, sample size: 15,231 people from 13,200 households of five regions (Atlantic, Bogotá, Central, Eastern, and Pacific), with an age range from 12 to 96 years. AUDIT and AUDIT-C were used and stratified according to score and other variables included in the survey analysis. Results: The high-risk drinking category was observed in 2.7% of children studied, with the highest percentage of drinking risk lying in the range of 18 to 44 years, with a clear majority of men. Conclusions: The study finds that a positive AUDIT-C in adults is associated with a higher percentage of non-anxiety, less anxiety problems, and traumatic events and traumatic events related to armed conflict. This requires further studies. Adults with positive AUDIT-C have a greater perception of well-being, but also a higher percentage of households in poverty. The study of individual, social, family and environmental factors in specific populations should be developed in order to make more appropriate interventions.

Palavras-chave : Ethanol; alcoholism; health care survey; psychometrics.

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