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vol.45 suppl.1Prevalence of Mood and Anxiety Disorders on People with Chronic Conditions. Results from the National Mental Health Survey in Colombia 2015 author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

Print version ISSN 0034-7450

Abstract

GOMEZ-RESTREPO, Carlos et al. Prevalence of Mood and Anxiety Disorders on People with Chronic Conditions. Results from the National Mental Health Survey in Colombia 2015. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2016, vol.45, suppl.1, pp.147-153. ISSN 0034-7450.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2016.11.001.

Abstract Background: Violence in Colombia has a history of over 50 years. Between 1985 and 2012 an estimated of 220,000 Colombians have died and about 6,000,000 have been displaced by violence. Objective: To describe and compare the prevalence of some problems and mental disorders in the adult population in Colombia, taking into account the characteristics of the municipality, as regards its history of violence or armed conflict. Methods: The results for adults (over 18 years) of some problems and mental disorders were taken from the ENSM-2015. The municipalities were classified according to the presence and intensity of the conflict using the classification proposed by the CERAC. Disorders were measured using CIDI-CAPI, and problems with AUDIT, modified PCL (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist). An estimate was also made of psychoactive substances consumption. Results: A total of 10,870 people were interviewed, of whom 5,429 had not changed residence. There was had permanent conflict in 21.8% of the municipalities, 65.5% had a discontinued conflict, and only 12.7% had been pacified or had no conflict. The intensity of the conflict was reported as high by 31.8% of the people. Violent municipalities have a higher prevalence of anxiety disorders, depression, possible Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, and smoking. Alcohol consumption was more common in municipalities with less intense conflict. Conclusions: The municipalities classified as having high levels of violence have a higher prevalence of mental disorders and the majority of the mental problems.

Keywords : Violence; Armed conflict; Mental disorders; Mental health; National survey.

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