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Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría

versão impressa ISSN 0034-7450

Resumo

GUILLEN-BURGOS, Hernán Felipe  e  GUTIERREZ-RUIZ, Karol. Genetic Advances in Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. rev.colomb.psiquiatr. [online]. 2018, vol.47, n.2, pp.108-118. ISSN 0034-7450.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2016.12.001.

Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is a condition that affects a subgroup of individuals that have suffered a previous traumatic event capable of generating changes at a psychological and behavioural level. These changes affect the personal, family, and social environment of those who suffer from this condition. Different genes have been identified as risk markers for development of this disorder. The population heterogeneity and individual differences (genetic and environmental) of each subject have made it difficult to identify valid markers in previous studies. For this reason, studies of Gene x Environment (G x E) have gathered importance in the last two decades, with the aim of identifying of the phenotypes of a particular disease. These studies have included genes such as SLC64A, FKBP5, and ADCYAP1R1, among others. Little is known about the interaction between the genes, pathways, and the molecular and neural circuitry that underlie PTSD. However their identification and association with stimuli and specific environments that stimulate the development of PTSD makes it focus of interest for identify genomic variations in this disorder. In turn, the epigenetic modifications that regulate the expression of genes involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and the amygdala- hippocampal-medial prefrontal cortex circuits play a role in the identification of biomarkers and endophenotypes in PTSD. In this review, the advances in genetic and epigenetic that have occurred in the genomic era in PTSD are presented.

Palavras-chave : Genetics; Post-traumatic stress disorder; Epigenetics.

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