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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

versão impressa ISSN 0120-0011


ESCOBAR CORDOBA, Franklin; FOLINO, Jorge Oscar  e  ESLAVA SCHMALBACH, Javier. Sleep disorders and sleep quality in female victims of rape in Bogota. [online]. 2006, vol.54, n.1, pp.12-23. ISSN 0120-0011.

Background: sleep disorders area present in victims of sexual assault, being important to determinc ist possible frequency, comorbidity and associations. Objective: to determine the prevalence of sleep disorders and explore the sleep quality in a group of female victims of rape in Bogota. Material and methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 2004 with a sample of female victims of rape who provided their consent to participate in the study. Nationwide validated self-rating scales were used as measures: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Results. The young women who were recruited had the following characteristics: they had a low-moderate socio-economical condition; the majority had no partner; mean height = 1.59 m. (IC 95%=1.55-1.61); mean weight = 52 Kg. (IC 95%=48.77-55.45) and mean BMI=21.28 (IC 95%= 20.16-21.77). Daily excessive somnolence was found in 10/34 (29.41%) victims; low quality of sleep, in 22/34 (64.71%) victims; reduced sleep efficiency, in 18/34 (52.94%) victims; sleep perturbations, in 20/34 (52.94%); presumptive symptoms of respiratory sleep disorders and consumption of hypnotics, in 9/34 (26.47%) victims; and insomnia and nightmares in 23/34 (67.65%) victims. These findings are similar to others reported by different authors. Conclusion. The prevalence of sleep disorders and the disturbance of quality of sleep in the study sample were quantitatively significant and similar to other studies.

Palavras-chave : disorders of excessive somnolence; epidemiology; prevalence; rape; sleep disorders.

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