Revista Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia
Print version ISSN 0120-0011
CASTILLO, Jorge Luis and FOLINO, Jorge Óscar. Predictive and concurrent validity of the criminal lifestyle scale -LCSF-R revised. Rev.fac.med.unal [online]. 2009, vol.57, n.4, pp. 295-303. ISSN 0120-0011.
Background. The violence risk assessment methodology has evolved in recent times. The predictions made in the judicial system require evidence based determinations and transparency in its procedures Objective. To evaluate the concurrent and predictive validity of the Argentinean version of Lifestyle Criminality Screening Form Revised -LCSF-R-, denominated escala de cribado de estilo de vida delictivo revisada -ECEViD R-. Materials and method. After the translation into Spanish and adaptation to the local way of LCSF-R. A cohort of 100 candidates to liberation or discharge of the Penitentiary Service of the State of Buenos Aires was evaluated with ECEViD and with other three scales: Psychopathic Checklist Revised -PCL R-, Assessing Risk for Violence -HCR 20- and Violence Risk Appraisal Guide -VRAG-. The recruitment lasted 15 months and the follow-up, in average, 2 years and a half. Violent events and not violent crimes were recorded; losses were checked by death and by exit of the country. Multiple sources of information were used. Results. The results allow to supporting the concurrent validity of the ECEViD. With regard to the predictive validity no significant positives results were obtained. Conclusions. The authors suggest that the ECEViD R turns out to be an instrument suitable candidate for the screening in violence risk evaluations, because of their similar behavior to more complex instruments.
Keywords : straining; violence; justice administration system; crime; evaluation; life style; risk factors.