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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-0011


FAJARDO-LOPEZ, Nandy  and  MOSCOSO-ALVARADO, Fabiola. Training aerobic capacity through the aquatic therapy in children with cerebral palsy type spastic diplegia. [online]. 2013, vol.61, n.4, pp.365-371. ISSN 0120-0011.

Background. The cerebral palsy is a condition that generates changes in the cardiovascular system affecting the aerobic capacity. Aquatic therapy is an optimal therapeutic strategy for the management of both the population and the aerobic capacity training because of the physiological responses generated and the ease of generating higher loads on the cardiovascular system with lower risk than on land. Objective. The aim of this research was to identify the characteristics of a physiotherapy intervention proposal for children aged 8 to 12 years-old with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy, using aquatic therapy for aerobic capacity training. Materials and methods. The research reflects a descriptive-proposal study, in which an intervention proposal was made based on information collected through references. Results. Results are presented in the form of intervention proposal that seeks to describe in detail the stages of aerobic training based on the principles of training and prescribing exercise, taking into account the physiological responses to the load and the characteristics of the population. Conclusion. The cerebral palsy caused changes in the aerobic capacity therefore it must be included in the physiotherapist rehabilitation processes as one of its main objectives. The findings indicate that aquatic therapy is an excellent treatment method for training aerobic capacity in this population, because of the greater security of movement and the favorable physiological responses that are generated in the cardiovascular system.

Keywords : Hydrotherapy; Physical Endurance; Child; Cerebral Palsy.

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