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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-0011


SALAMANCA-ORTIZ, Daisy Natalia et al. Genetic and molecular advances in the study of mental disorders. [online]. 2014, vol.62, n.2, pp.319-324. ISSN 0120-0011.

Nowadays, with the increased availability of techniques for genetic studies, there are new areas of knowledge, such as epigenetics and pharmacogenetics. These new areas clarify the genetic basis involved in the occurrence of diseases that affect humans. Given its global application, psychiatry has not been outside of the scope of these new disciplines. The large number of worldwide studies have linked the presence of genetic variants in individuals with signs of mental disorders. Furthermore, other studies show that the effectiveness of pharmacological treatments used in psychiatry are correlated with polymorphisms in the enzymes that metabolize these medicines. Therefore, it is important that psychiatrists know the basics of these relationships to get better outcomes in diagnosis and treatments of the major mental disorders.

Keywords : Psychiatry; Epigenomics; Pharmacogenetics; Mental Disorders.

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