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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-0011


SALDIAS-VARGAS, Vivian Patricia et al. Enamel defects in permanent first molars and incisors in individuals with cleft lip and/or palate. [online]. 2014, vol.62, n.4, pp.515-519. ISSN 0120-0011.

Background. Enamel defects are common in deciduous and permanent maxillary incisors of individuals with lip and palate cleft, and their occurrence has been associated with the cleft, especially when the alveolus is affected. Objective. To compare the prevalence of enamel defects in permanent maxillary and mandibular central incisors and first molars of individuals with cleft lip and palate, cleft palate, and without clefts. Materials and methods. The study analyzed the case of 150 individuals -50 with cleft lip and palate, 50 with cleft palate and 50 without clefts-, of both genders and aged 6 to 12 years. The frequency, extent, and location of enamel alterations on the buccal aspect of teeth were evaluated by the modified DDE index. Results. There was a greater manifestation of enamel defects in maxillary incisors and molars in groups with clefts, with statistically significant difference compared with the noncleft group. Conclusions. The occurrence of enamel defects was common in permanent incisors and molars and was significantly associated with clefts.

Keywords : Cleft Lip; Cleft Palate; Incisor; Molar.

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