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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-0011


BECERRA-BULLA, Fabiola; ROCHA-CALDERON, Libertad; FONSECA-SILVA, Dayana Milena  and  BERMUDEZ-GORDILLO, Laura Andrea. The family and social environment of the mother as a factor that promotes or hinders breastfeeding. [online]. 2015, vol.63, n.2, pp.217-227. ISSN 0120-0011.

Background. There is enough scientific evidence about the benefits of the practice of breastfeeding for mother and child. Various policies and programs to promote, protect and support breastfeeding are raised, often ignoring the many factors that pervade it, such as social, cultural, family and personal factors that can make it a successful experience or not . Objective. To identify the determinants of social, cultural and family type that affect the success or failure of the practice of breastfeeding. Materials and Methods. A systematic database search was conducted through Scielo, Medigraphic, Redalyc, SINAB National University, Dial Net, ScienceDirect, Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Database, Elsevier and EBSCOhost. There was a revision of descriptive, analytical and subject-review studies, as well as of cases and controls carried out during the past decade. Results. Among the factors that protect breastfeeding are family support, sentimental partner support and previous positive experience with other children. The role played by the grandmother is discordant in different studies. Most of the studies state that the higher the level of education, the greater the prevalence of breastfeeding. Working mothers breastfeed their children for a shorter period of time; however, the duration is longer when mothers are protected by legal policies in their workplaces. Mothers who stay at home breastfeed their children more. Conclusions. Keeping in mind the maternal environment is essential in the planning of programs and projects that promote breastfeeding.

Keywords : Breastfeeding; Family; Environment; Social conditions; Cultural characteristics.

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