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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-0011

Abstract

RODRIGUEZ-CAMACHO, Diego Fabricio  and  ALVIS-GOME, Karim Martina. Overview of the body image and its implications in sport. rev.fac.med. [online]. 2015, vol.63, n.2, pp.279-287. ISSN 0120-0011.  http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/revfacmed.v63n2.49387.

Background. Body image is the representation of the body that each individual constructs in his mind. This includes two components: body image itself and body schema, which are influenced from the interaction of individuals with their environment. Objective. This document is part of the theoretical framework of the study, Body image in soccer players, and includes a review of the generalities of body image in relation to its construction, development, components, dimensions and implications in sport. Materials and Methods. A search was conducted using the databases PubMed, SciELO, Science Direct and Google Scholar between 1996 and 2014, with the terms body image in sport, internal model in motor control, body image evaluation, and body schema. Results. 48 articles-11 in Spanish, 36 in English and one in Portuguese-were found, which addressed body image as a multidimensional construct having direct implication in body movement of individuals and their environment. Conclusions. Body image is dynamic, constructed and modified throughout life based on sensory stimuli in terms of body and space, plus sociocultural stimuli involved in self-esteem and athletic performance. The development of programs for physical and sporting activities generates a positive impact on body image at all ages as long as specific training parameters are taken.

Keywords : Body Image; Body build; Sports; Feedback; sensory.

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