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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-0011


COLORADO-BARBOSA, Liza et al. Serum Levels of Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor during Normal Pregnancy and Preeclampsia. [online]. 2016, vol.64, n.2, pp.199-206. ISSN 0120-0011.

Introduction. Preeclampsia (PE) is one of the major causes of maternal and perinatal mortality in the world. PE appears during the second half of pregnancy and there are currently no markers for its early detection. Given the angiogenic properties of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and the endothelial dysfunction of blood vessels that occurs during PE, an association between BDNF and PE has been proposed. Objective. To determine if there is an association between BDNF serum levels and PE during pregnancy. Materials and Methods. Prospective longitudinal cohort study. 13 patients who developed PE and 31 patients with normally coursing pregnancies were selected. Anthropometric variables, BDNF serum levels, glycemia, insulin and lipid profile in early, mid-term and late pregnancies were measured. Results. No significant differences were observed in BDNF levels between women who developed PE and those who did not; in early pregnancy the levels were 25.3 and 23.3 ng/ml, for mid-term pregnancy 28 and 24.7 ng/ml and for late pregnancy 25.4 and 27.4 ng/ml for PE and normal pregnancy, respectively. An association between BDNF and weight and BMI and serum glucose was found in women who did not develop PE. A logistic regression model was carried out where PE was better explained through variables such as BMI, SBP and homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA), however BDNF was not taken into account here. Conclusions. BDNF might have a role in regulating body weight and glucose metabolism in pregnant women but there is no evidence to suggest that BDNF alone or in combination with other variables can account for PE.

Keywords : Pre-Eclampsia; Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor; Pregnancy.

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