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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-0011


GONZALEZ-CONSUEGRA, Renata Virginia; PEREZ-VALDERRAMA, Diana Carolina  and  VALBUENA-FLOR, Luisa Fernanda. Prevention of skin lesions: Education in health staff and relatives of people hospitalized. [online]. 2016, vol.64, n.2, pp.229-238. ISSN 0120-0011.

Introduction. Skin lesions such as pressure ulcers and dermatitis associated to incontinence are a problem linked to age, mobility, moisture, food, elimination or mental state, which adversely affect the quality of life of individuals and their families. Their prevention through education can reduce their appearance and contribute to providing quality care. Objectives. To strengthen the knowledge in terms of prevention of skin lesions of nurses and caregivers of people hospitalized at a Bogota's University Hospital in the internal medicine and intensive care units. Material and methods. A prospective intervention study, with an input diagnostic test to identify the knowledge of the nursing team, followed by three educational interventions. Then a test was applied to chart the changes achieved. Additionally, a questionnaire intervention was applied to three permanent caregivers, identifying what preventive activities were known by them and the procedures they used to carry out such activities. Finally, a supporting booklet on general skin care topics was provided. Results. 21 people participated in this study and whose characterization identified that the knowledge degree is higher in older and more experienced workers. Positive changes were established in the knowledge of the nursing team, including the percentage of diagnostic input test (76.81%) and the post-test intervention (84.41 %). Conclusion. It is important to make permanent educational interventions to those involved in preventive care of skin lesions in order to generate positive transformations in health care staff and caregivers.

Keywords : Education; Nursing; Skin Care; Caregivers; Pressure Ulcer; Dermatitis.

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