SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.64 issue2Sugars Added in Food: Health Effects and Global RegulationHuman Nutrigenomics: Effects of Food or Food Components on RNA Expression author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-0011


ALZATE-MEJIA, Oscar Andrés; GIRALDO-HOYOS, Nicolás  and  ALVARAN-ARANGO, Liz Verónica. Human Skeleton Bones Recount. [online]. 2016, vol.64, n.2, pp.331-338. ISSN 0120-0011.

Background. It has been stated that the human skeleton has a number of bones by always assigning the amount of 206 structures; somehow, this count does not consider their classifications, synostosis and whether anatomical variations are presented or not. Objective. To propose a new count of the human skeleton bones from the usual classification and to renew traditional bone terminology. Material and methods. Anatomy texts specialized in the teaching and learning of Health Sciences were studied. Different databases focused on Medicine were explored and the appropriate vocabulary from the Terminologia Anatomica, published by the Federative Committee on Anatomical Terminology (FCAT) was adopted. Results. Traditional classification of the human skeleton in Axial and Appendicular counting each of their components is exposed in this work. Discussion. From the results of this study, a new bone counting is obtained, where the sternum manubrium, body and the xiphoid process are separated, while in the the sacrum and the coccyx their vertebrae are independently counted and the coxal is divided, adding theilium, ischium and pubis to count. This count does not take into account sesamoid and intersuturals bones.

Keywords : Bones; Skeleton; Terminology.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License