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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina

Print version ISSN 0120-0011


RODRIGUEZ-CAMPO, Varinia Alejandra  and  PARAVIC-KLIJN, Tatiana María. Validation of the Chilean version of the "Workplace Violence in the Health Sector" questionnaire in the prehospital care setting. [online]. 2021, vol.69, n.2, e204.  Epub June 30, 2021. ISSN 0120-0011.


Workplace violence is becoming increasingly frequent in the health sector. Therefore, valid and reliable instruments are required to measure this phenomenon.


To validate the factor structure of the Spanish version of the "Workplace Violence in the Health Sector" questionnaire in Chilean prehospital care workers.

Material and methods:

Quantitative, multivariate study in which the main components of the Spanish version of the questionnaire were analyzed. After being reviewed by experts and conducting a pilot test, 6 questions were eliminated. The adapted version was administered to 74 health professionals (nurses-kinesiologists) and 148 paramedics working in prehospital care. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (chi-square test). The SPSS v15 software was used to perform data analysis and the principal component analysis (PCA).


The questionnaire had a high overall reliability (α=0.912). According to the PCA, three factors were identified, namely, physical violence (eigenvalue: 8.3), verbal abuse (eigenvalue: 3.7) and mobbing or workplace harassment (eigenvalue: 3.6), which explain 86% of the variance.


The proposed instrument is valid for measuring workplace violence among health professionals working in prehospital care. Having a validated tool to quantify this phenomenon in the country is a significant contribution since it allows carrying out similar studies in other health areas and, based on the results, work on its prevention and the promotion of healthier work environments.

Keywords : Workplace Violence; Risk Assessment; Validation Studies; Prehospital Emergency Care; Nursing (MeSH).

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