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Ideas y Valores

Print version ISSN 0120-0062

Abstract

GAMA, Luis Eduardo. The Knowledge of Art The Aesthetical Experience in Nietzsche. Ideas y Valores [online]. 2008, vol.57, n.136, pp.67-100. ISSN 0120-0062.

Nietzsche’s reflection on art extends throughout his philosophical work. From the early claim of an "artist’s metaphysics" to the late considerations that see in art the privileged form of the Will to Power, Nietzsche makes his attempt to overcome western metaphysics to depend on a particular ontological conception of the artistic fact. This ontological aestheticism, of enormous influence in current philosophical trends, has been the subject of various comments and criticisms. Less interest has raised instead the analysis of the implications that this long nietzschean meditation concerning art can have in the interior of the aesthetic field itself: what is the specificity of art compared with other fields of human action? What results for the individual and for culture from the encounter with the phenomenon of art? This article constitutes a first attempt to answer these questions. Its analysis focuses in The Birth of Tragedy and, to a lesser extent, in the physiology of art found in the Twilight of the Idols. The article’s central thesis defends that, according to Nietzsche, the aesthetical experience is essentially an experience of knowledge, a type of knowledge that gives access to truth.

Keywords : art; appollinean; dionysian; aesthetical experience; Nietzsche.

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