Revista Colombiana de Entomología
versão impressa ISSN 0120-0488
VILLAMIZAR, LAURA; ARRIERO, CAROLINA; BOSA O, CARLOS FELIPE e COTES, ALBA MARINA. Development of preformulated producís based on iiomuraea rileyi for control of Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Moctuidae). Rev. Colomb. Entomol. [online]. 2004, vol.30, n.1, pp. 99-105. ISSN 0120-0488.
riomuraea rileyi is the microorganism that is most frequently found causing natural field epizootics of Spodoptera frugiperda larvae in different maize production zones of Colombia; however, in the national market there are no registered producís based on this fungus. Therefore, the objectives of the present work were to develop a method of mass production and develop biopesticide prototypes with a strain of the fungus n. rileyi selected for its control activity on the fall armyworm. A system for mass production of conidia was initially standardized after evaluating different solid matrices such as rice, wheat bran and mijo grains, contained in both, high density polyethylene bags and aluminum trays, supplemented with different organic nitrogen sources and inoculated with different inoculum types. Once the médium was selected where the greatest conidia production per gram of substrate was obtained, the conidia were separated and used as active starter for elaborating the biopesticide prototypes. In the system of mass production in bags, the highest sporulation took place when mijo grains were used, inoculated with eight day oíd fragments of agar grown with the sporulated fungus, this being at 30 x 108 conidia.g-1. Two delivery systems were developed for the biopesticide, an emulsifying concéntrate with a concentration of 1x1011 conidia.g-1 and a wettable powder with a concentration of 1x109conidios.g-1, with germinations of 92 and 87%, respectively. The systems of mass production were efficient and economical for conidia production and the preformulations represent a promising alternative for the control of the fall armyworm in maize.
Palavras-chave : Fermentation; Biopesticide; Formulation; Biológical control.