Revista Colombiana de Entomología
versão impressa ISSN 0120-0488
RAMOS-ELORDUY BLASQUEZ, JULIETA; COSTA-NETO, ERALDO MEDEIROS e LANDERO-TORRES, IVONNE. Comparison of edible bee species from Sierras of Jibóia (Bahia, Brazil) and Zongolica, (Veracruz, Mexico). Rev. Colomb. Entomol. [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.2, pp. 217-223. ISSN 0120-0488.
The traditional knowledge and use of bee species in the Sierra de Zongolica, Mexico, and the Sierra de Jibóia, Brazil were compared. In each area, open-ended interviews were conducted with inhabitants whose economy is one of subsistence. We recorded the cultivation and protocultivation practices of the insect species they use, as well as the length of time they have been doing it. In Zongolica, where the population is of Nahuatl origin, stinging bees ( Apis mellifera mellifera L.) were reared, and only rarely any species of stingless bee. There are also various protocultivation practices of wasps, stingless bees and two lepidopteran larvae known as “cuecla” and “cuetla”. It is also in this area where the villagers gave a higher value to this renewable natural resource, also providing them a wider range of uses such as food, medicine, craft and decorations. Some species are even traded at the municipal market. In the population of Pedra Branca, while there are six species of stingless bees that are cultivated, these are not very abundant. For the stinging bees ( Apis) there is no cultivation, but land is rented for others to place their hives. The way bees are raised in each locality is the same, for both stinging and stingless bees. In both populations this helps the rural production system and therefore the nutrition of people.
Palavras-chave : Beekeeping; Ethnoentomology; Trigona; Scaptotrigona; Melipona.