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Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología

Print version ISSN 0120-0534

Abstract

LOPEZ GOMEZ, Santiago; RIVAS TORRES, Rosa María  and  TABOADA ARES, Eva María. Reviews on Autism. rev.latinoam.psicol. [online]. 2009, vol.41, n.3, pp.555-570. ISSN 0120-0534.

Autism, as any other pervasive developmental disorder, is the object of a large number of studies at present time. However, its aetiology is still unknown. Its heterogeneous manifestations, together with a diversity of clinical criteria and results from research, make its study a difficult task, and correspondingly, the application of preventive strategies in order to minimize its effects. The goal of this article is to offer an actual view of autism and to give answers to questions that still remain about it. In an effort to clear up its fickle symptomatology, a review of the most important authors and the main emergent lines of research in the scientific production are presented, as well as its prevalence and etiopathogeny.

Keywords : autism; pervasive developmental disorders; perinatal risks; etiology.

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