Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología
versão impressa ISSN 0120-0534
PEREZ-SANCHEZ, Antonio Miguel; POVEDA-SERRA, Patricia e GILAR-CORBI, Raquel. Effects of collaborative learning on the use of coping strategies. rev.latinoam.psicol. [online]. 2010, vol.42, n.3, pp. 481-492. ISSN 0120-0534.
The purpose of this work is to show that the use of collaborative learning techniques in the classroom allows students to use strategies through which they learn to cope with problematic situations derived from the interpersonal relations that take place at school, especially among peers. The participants have been 50 boys and girls, in first year of compulsory secondary education (average age, 12.4) distributed into two groups: experimental and control. In the first group Team Assisted Individualization has been used. In the second group a traditional methodology has been adopted. A pretest-posttest control group design with non-equivalent control group has been used to test the hypotheses. Intelligence has been used as covariable to keep its effect on the results constant, independently of the effects of the program. A univariate split-plot analysis has been used as statistic procedure. The results show that those students on a collaborative learning program use more and more effective coping strategies than those who are not on a collaborative program. The participants in both the experimental and the control groups set out from a situation of equality to move farther away from each other in the posttest situation: the experimental group noticeably increases scores over the control group as regards the use of coping strategies, and the participants in the experimental group tend to share their problems with their peers in a greater scale than the participants in the control group, independently of the IQ.
Palavras-chave : collaborative learning; coping; indiscipline; intelligence.