Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología
versão impressa ISSN 0120-0534
GONZALEZ VALENZUELA, Ma José; MARTIN RUIZ, Isaías e DELGADO RIOS, Myriam. Early intervention of the reading and the writing in children with learning disabilities. rev.latinoam.psicol. [online]. 2011, vol.43, n.1, pp. 35-44. ISSN 0120-0534.
The goal of this study is to analyze the effects of the implementation of a program of psycho-educational intervention of reading and writing in early ages in children with risk of learning disabilities. The program emphasized psycholinguistic development and gave priority to reading and writing activities in the school curriculum. The sample consisted of 56 children, of Spanish language, from a middle socio-cultural area, with average intelligence and at risk of learning disabilities. That is individuals without physical, psychological or sensory handicaps and with a low academic achievement, oral and written language, and low mathematical reasoning (lower than the percentile 25) in the early ages. The design is longitudinal of repeated measures, with four phases of evaluation and three of intervention, two variables of study (R, W) and two groups of participants (IG, NIG). The children are evaluated since they begin Preschool (five years) until they finish 2nd course of Primary Education (seven years). The results indicate better scores in reading and writing throughout all the evaluations and a significantly greater advance in the IG. These results suggest the long term effectiveness of the early, systematic and planned intervention of written mayor en el GI. Estos resultados demuestran la eficacia a largo plazo de la intervención temprana, sistemática y planificada del lenguaje escrito a través de componentes psicolingüísticos en sujetos con riesgo de dificultades de aprendizaje.
Palavras-chave : early intervention; learning disabilities; writing language.