Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias
versión impresa ISSN 0120-0690
ATENCIO GARCIA, Víctor J et al. First feeding of Dorada (Brycon sinuensis) with Bocachico (Prochilodus magdalenae) larvae. Rev Colom Cienc Pecua [online]. 2010, vol.23, n.3, pp. 317-324. ISSN 0120-0690.
This study evaluated several predator-prey ratios on Dorada (Brycon sinuensis) larviculture. The onset of exogenous feeding using four predator-prey ratios 0:1 (T1), 1:1 (T2), 2:1 (T3) and 4:1 (T4) was studied. The preys used were newly hatched Bocachico (Prochilodus magdalenae) larvae, which were fed just once. The Dorada larvae were weighed and measured at the beginning and the end of the experiment. The variables measured were weight gain (Wg), length gain (Gl), specific growth rate (G), survival (S), stress resistance (Rs), natural mortality (Nm) and cannibalism mortality (Mc). The T4 had the highest Wg (3.9 ± 0.4 mg) and G (5.8 ± 0.4%/h). Survivability was increased when feeding two (T3 = 84.2%) and four forage larvae for each Dorada larvae (T4 = 86.7%). The lowest survivability was observed when no forage larvae were fed (T1 = 51.8%), coinciding with the greatest mortality from cannibalism (46.3%). The lowest mortality from cannibalism occurred when two (T3 = 12.7%) to four forage larvae per Dorada larvae (T4 = 12.0%) were offered. Natural mortality was low, ranging between 1.3% (T4) and 3.2% (T3) (p> 0.05). The test values of Rs ranged from 86.7 ± 10.3% (T1) and 95.0 ± 5.5% (T3) (p>0.05). These results indicate that offering between two and four forage larvae as first feeding to Dorada larvae reduces cannibalism and offers the best results for survival and growth during larviculture.
Palabras llave : bryconidae; cannibalism; fishculture ; larviculture; reofilic fishes.