Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias
Print version ISSN 0120-0690
NAVA-TRUJILLO, Héctor et al. Relationship among damaged chromatin, motility and viability in cryopreserved spermatozoa from Brahman bulls. Rev Colom Cienc Pecua [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.2, pp. 116-122. ISSN 0120-0690.
The aim of this study was to determine the percentage of sperm with damaged chromatic measure with toluidine blue stain and it´s relationship with motility and viability in criopreserverd semen from Brahman bulls. Three ejaculates from six Brahman bulls were used. Immediately after thawing, sperms were stained with toluidine blue to establish chromatin integrity (sperms with normal chromatin were light blue or green while sperms with damaged chromatin were dark blue or violet). Sperms were also stained with eosin-nigrosin to determine viability (live sperms were unstained while dead sperms were pink). Motility was measured under light microscope. Effects of bull, ejaculate, and the interaction between variables were assessed. The percentage of live sperms was 50.02 ( ± 14.13%). The mean motility was 33.88 (± 12.43%), while the percentage of sperms with damaged chromatin was 4.17 ( ± 2.96%). Viability was positively correlated with motility (r=0.77217, p=0.0002), and negatively correlated with damaged chromatin sperms (r= -0.43104, p=0.0087). Motility percentage was negatively correlated with the percentage of sperms with damaged chromatin (r=-0.48337, p=0.0421). In conclusion, cryopreserved semen of Brahman bulls presented a low level of chromatin damage, and this trait was negatively correlated with sperm motility and viability.
Keywords : brahman bulls; cryopreservation; sperm chromatin; toluidine blue stain.