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Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias

Print version ISSN 0120-0690
On-line version ISSN 2256-2958

Abstract

MARCIALES-CARO, Lili J et al. Adaptation to a commercial diet alters post-larvae growth and development of striped catfish (Pseudoplatystoma sp) and yaque (Leiarius marmoratus). Rev Colom Cienc Pecua [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.2, pp.179-190. ISSN 0120-0690.

The main challenges facing fish farming include the optimization of Silurid fingerling production through efficient larval rearing and nursery management. This study evaluated growth performance of catfish (Pseudoplatystoma sp) and yaque (Leiarius marmoratus) post-larvae during adaptation to commercial diet containing 40% crude protein of animal origin (e.g., bovine liver and heart). A total of 240 L. marmoratus and Pseudoplatystoma sp. post-larvae were selected at 16 days of age. Postlarvae average weight and lengh were 57.2 ± 4.8 mg and 17.1 ± 1.4 mm for L. marmoratus, and 55.9 ± 6.6 mg and 13.5 ± 2.7 mm for Pseudoplatystoma sp, respectively. Housing density was 4 larvae / L. Four treatments (T) were evaluated, with five replicates each, as follows: T1: commercial feed (C), T2:C + bovine heart (CO), T3: C + liver (HI), and T4: C + liver + fish oil (HI + AP). The best weight gain for larvae of L. marmoratus was observed in T4 (3213 ± 278 mg). For Pseudoplatystoma sp., no significant differences were observed between treatments, although T2 was numerically better (695 ± 149 mg). In conclusion, conditioning to a dry diet was more effective for L. marmoratus post-larvae compared to Pseudoplatystoma sp. This is mainly due to the attractiveness and digestibility of the feed, as well as certain post-larvae characteristics (e.g., development of the digestive tract). It is necessary to conduct specific studies related to the ontogenetic development of the digestive tract to uncover the nutritional needs of each species during growth to match allowances with specific dietary requirements.

Keywords : post-larvae; silurids; weaning.

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