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Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias

Print version ISSN 0120-0690
On-line version ISSN 2256-2958


DIAZ, Gonzalo J; CORTES, Amparo  and  CEPEDA, Sandra M. Effect of feeding hens trout by-product meal or tuna fish oil on production parameters and yolk fatty acid profile. Rev Colom Cienc Pecua [online]. 2011, vol.24, n.4, pp.598-608. ISSN 0120-0690.

Objective: a study was conducted to evaluate two sources of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acid enrichment, namely a trout by-product meal (TBPM) and tuna fish oil (TFO), as potential sources for egg yolk n-3 enrichment. Methods: Seventy-27 week old commercial layers were assigned to each of seven dietary treatments, as follows. Group 1: control; group 2: 5% TBPM; group 3: 10% TBPM; group 4: 15% TBPM; group 5: 20% TBPM; group 6: 2% TFO; and group 7: 3% TFO. The experimental diets were fed for 28 days. Results: no effect on production parameters was caused by the experimental diets. All diets containing TBPM or TFO significantly (p<0.05) increased n-3 egg yolk fatty acid content. Dietary levels of 5-20% TBPM increased egg yolk n-3 content between 1.97 and 3.54 times compared with control eggs. TFO levels of 2% and 3% increased the n-3 egg yolk content 3.37 and 4.13 times, respectively, compared with control eggs. The n-6/n-3 ratio in egg yolk lipids was significantly (p<0.05) decreased by the experimental diets. The n-6/n-3 ratio in control eggs was 16.79 compared with ratios ranging from 4.34 to 8.11 in enriched eggs. Conclusions: the results showed that both TBPM and TFO are good sources of n-3 fatty acid enrichment in eggs. Further studies are required in order to determine the effects of TBPM and TFO inclusion on the organoleptic quality of eggs.

Keywords : hens; n-3 fatty acids; omega-3 eggs; trout by-product meal; tuna fish oil.

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