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Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias

Print version ISSN 0120-0690
On-line version ISSN 2256-2958

Abstract

VASQUEZ-TORRES, Wálter; HERNANDEZ-AREVALO, Gilma; GUTIERREZ- ESPINOSA, Mariana C  and  YOSSA, Martha I. Effects of dietary protein level on growth and serum parameters in cachama (Piaractus brachypomus). Rev Colom Cienc Pecua [online]. 2012, vol.25, n.3, pp.450-461. ISSN 0120-0690.

Blood chemistry parameters are valid and useful indicators to determine the nutritional status and health of farmed fish. These parameters allow establishing normal health, detecting physiological disorders and providing information for diagnosis and prognosis of diseases caused by nutritional and environmental factors. Objective: to analyze the growth and changes in biochemical parameters in plasma of juvenile tambaqui (Piaractus brachypomus) fed two protein levels. Methods: fish were fed diets with 24 and 34% of digestible protein. Experiments were conducted in laboratory tanks, dam cages, and earthen ponds to evaluate weight gain (WG), specific growth rate (SGR), protein efficiency ratio (PER), as well as serum variables such as glucose, total protein, cholesterol, triglycerides, and urea. Fish were sampled at the beginning and end of the experiments for determining body weight and to draw blood samples. In experiments 2 and 3 fish were monthly sampled for four months (three animals per replicate). Results: no differences were found between treatments (p>0.05) for GP and SGR. The PER values in laboratory tanks and cages showed inverse linear correlation with respect to protein level (p<0.05). Serum levels were similar between treatments (p>0.05), except cholesterol and urea in the laboratory. The observed initial values differed from those obtained during the course of the experiments (p<0.05), except for protein in experiments 2 and 3, and glucose in experiment 3. Conclusions: due to the fact that this study was conducted in laboratory and field under normal handling conditions, using animals of different sizes and sampling a large number of individuals, allows establishing blood parameters that can be suggested as reference values for this species.

Keywords : blood chemistry; cholesterol; fish; glucose; triglycerides; urea.

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