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Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias

Print version ISSN 0120-0690

Abstract

BERNARDES, Célio L; NAVARRO, Rodrigo D; GUERRA-SANTOS, Bartira  and  FORTES-SILVA, Rodrigo. Effects of dietary carbohydrate/lipid ratios on growth, body composition, and nutrient utilization of hybrid catfish (Pseudoplatystoma reticulatum x Leiarius marmoratus). Rev Colom Cienc Pecua [online]. 2016, vol.29, n.1, pp.58-65. ISSN 0120-0690.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v29n1a07.

Background: farming of hybrid catfish is relatively recent in Brazil; consequently, it is necessary to develop practical diet formulations for this fish. Objective: to evaluate the influence of different carbohydrate/lipid ratios (CHO:L) on growth performance, body composition and nutrient utilization of hybrid catfish (Pseudoplatystoma reticulatum x Leiarius marmoratus). Methods: four isonitrogenous diets were formulated with increasing lipid levels, using the following CHO:L ratios: 1.3:1 (diet 1); 1.1:1 (diet 2); 0.9:1 (diet 3), and 0.8:1 (diet 4). Fish were fed 5% of BW/day (dry-weight basis) in triplicate groups of 6 fish each (18 ± 1.5 g) for 2 months. Results: though final weight and absolute weight gain decreased with increasing dietary lipid (p<0.05), there was no significant difference in daily feed consumption among treatments (p>0.05). Moreover, viscerosomatic index and hepatosomatic index showed no statistical difference among dietary treatments. Body lipid increase for fish fed diet 4. Lipid and energy efficiency retentions were higher at 0.8:1 CHO:L group. Conclusion: CHO:L ratios around 1.3:1 produced large benefit by best growth performance in the studied hybrid model.

Keywords : feed intake; feed utilization; performance.

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