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Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias

versão impressa ISSN 0120-0690

Resumo

TEIXEIRA, Alexandre O et al. Bone characteristics of pigs fed different sources of phosphorus. Rev Colom Cienc Pecua [online]. 2016, vol.29, n.4, pp.245-254. ISSN 0120-0690.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v29n4a01.

Background:

phosphorus supplementation should help to keep bone integrity and prevent fractures during the development and slaughter of animals.

Objective:

to evaluate the effect of different phosphorus sources on one characteristics of pigs.

Methods:

one-hundred and twelve piglets (28.65 ± 2.82 Kg body weight) were distributed into an 8×2 factorial arrangement (eight sources of phosphorus × two sexes) in blocks in a completely randomized design. The diets were formulated on a total-phosphorus basis, with 0.32 and 0.31% of P for the control diet and 0.56 and 0.42% of P for the other treatments in the growth and finishing phases, respectively. Phosphorus was supplemented as dicalcium phosphate (DCP); mono-dicalcium phosphate (MDCP); triple superphosphate (TSP); single superphosphate (SSP); Catalão-rock phosphate (ROCK); a mixture of sources (MIX); phosphoric acid (PPA); and the control diet (CTR).

Results:

there was no interaction between phosphorus sources and sex in any of the parameters. Thickness of the compact tissue was the lowest in the CTR, differing from the diets containing DCP, MDCP, and PPA, followed by diets SSP, TSP, and ROCK, with the greatest value for MDCP. Porosity of the compact tissue was higher for the CTR and SSP diets.

Conclusion:

the use of less elaborate sources of phosphorus, such as rock phosphate and single superphosphate, was less effective than the other sources to improve bone integrity of pigs.

Palavras-chave : bone mineralization; bone strength; fluorine; bone porosity.

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