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Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias

versão impressa ISSN 0120-0690

Resumo

VARGAS, Julián A C; OLIVERA-ANGEL, Martha; RIBEIRO, Claúdio V D M  e  DAZA C, Edgar E. In vitro rumen biohydrogenation kinetics of mixed linoleic and alfa-linolenic acids. Rev Colom Cienc Pecua [online]. 2018, vol.31, n.3, pp.213-222. ISSN 0120-0690.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17533/udea.rccp.v31n3a06.

Background:

Dietary linoleic (LA) and alpha-linolenic (LN) acids are extensively isomerized and hydrogenated by rumen microbes, and this activity can further contribute to the fatty acid profile of ruminant- derived food products.

Objective:

To evaluate the effects of LA:LN ratio in lipid supplements on the rumen biohydrogenation kinetics of LA and LN, as well as on the trans-vaccenic acid (VA) production, using an in vitro system.

Methods:

Rumen fluid was collected from a fistulated steer, diluted with incubation buffer, and then incubated with 500 mg of kikuyu grass (Cenchrus clandestinus) supplemented with 16.3 mg of different LA:LN mixtures (100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 or 0:100). Incubations were performed in triplicate for a period of 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 or 16 hours. Differences between treatments were evaluated in a completely randomized design. Alternatively, computational chemistry was used to determine the changes in the Gibbs free energy (ΔGrxn) at 39 °C for the principal steps of LA and LN ruminal biohydrogenation.

Results:

Partial replacement of LA by LN decreased the VA concentration and its accumulation rate; it also increased the stearic acid concentration and the rates of transfer from LA to conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), and from CLA to VA. The conversion from CLA to VA (ΔGrxn = -2.65 kJ/mol) was more spontaneous than that from trans-11, cis-15 octadecadienoic acid (TA) to VA (ΔGrxn = -0.29 kJ/mol).

Conclusion:

The LA:LN ratio in lipids can modulate LA and LN biohydrogenation (BH) kinetics, as well as the VA production in the rumen.

Palavras-chave : Fatty acids; kinetics of biohydrogenation; lipid supplement; multi-compartmental model; thermodynamics of biohydrogenation.

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