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Acta Medica Colombiana

versão impressa ISSN 0120-2448

Resumo

SEGOVIA, Javier et al. Multiple myeloma in the University Hospital Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogota (1983-2006). Acta Med Colomb [online]. 2008, vol.33, n.4, pp.276-281. ISSN 0120-2448.

Objective: to identify the population of patients with new diagnosis of Multiple Myeloma (MM) that consults to the Fundacion Santa Fe de Bogota between the years of 1983 to 2006, with the purpose of determine the clinical, laboratory and images features. Patients and methods: review of patients chart with new diagnosis of Multiple Myeloma for the period of established time. Results: 54 patients were identified: 56% were men, 26% were younger than 50 years, average age of presentation: 58 years, 44% of patients were admitted thru emergency room. The main reason for consultation was bone pain in 46% followed by lumbar pain in 43%. Stage III were diagnosed in the 80% of the population at the time of admittance.Anemia was the most frequent finding (70%), followed by hypercalcemia (24%) and creatinine [> 2,5 mg/dl] (20%). An elevated ß2 mycroglobulin were found in 90%. The most frequent isotype was IgG in 54% followed by IgA in 26%; 35% of the patients has abnormal plasmocytes in bone marrow (BM) > 50%. Conclusions: an advanced stage of the disease with elevated tumorlike load was present at the time of the diagnosis, with major incidence in young patients and greater renal compromise than in similar studies previously published. The clinical characteristics and the laboratory findings except by a greater incidence of IgM are similar to the previous published results. Similar studies to a greater scale are due to realize to be able to locate in a real context the impact of multiple myeloma in Colombia.

Palavras-chave : multiple myeloma; tumorlike load; renal compromise.

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