Acta Medica Colombiana
versão impressa ISSN 0120-2448
We report the case of a 79-year-old male patient with a clinical picture of constitutional symptoms associated with lymphocytic pleurisy, meningitis, and hydrocephalus. Disseminated cryptococcosis and HIV/AIDS were later confirmed. Complications of therapy with amphotericin B arose and the patient died. Cryptococcosis is one of the most common CNS infections in patients with HIV. Several factors that indicate a poor prognosis have been identified. In HIV infection, the patient is considered "old" above 50 years of age. The clinical features of these patients are generally similar to those found in younger patients; however, especially after the age of 65 years, these patients are more prone to developing AIDS over a period of 1-3 years, and their risk of acquiring disseminated opportunistic infections is increased. Their mortality rates are also higher. In Colombia, during 2007, according to the records of the Ministry of Social Protection, there were 5283 people older than 45 years with AIDS (Acta Med Colomb 2011; 36: 85-89).
Palavras-chave : pleural cryptococcosis; meningeal cryptococcosis; HIV; AIDS in the elderly.