SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.36 número4Clinical characteristics of the intensive care patients at the Hospital Universitario de San Ignacio with acute renal failure and factors associated with mortalityEffectiveness of alcohol-based handrub vs handwashing with soap and water índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados




Links relacionados

  • Em processo de indexaçãoCitado por Google
  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO
  • Em processo de indexaçãoSimilares em Google


Acta Medica Colombiana

versão impressa ISSN 0120-2448


MUNOZ, Eliana E; RESTREPO, César Augusto  e  CHACON, José Arnoby. Diagnosis of oral health and oral hygiene habits in patients with chronic kidney disease. Acta Med Colomb [online]. 2011, vol.36, n.4, pp.173-180. ISSN 0120-2448.

Objective: to establish the oral health condition of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who received care in a center for renal therapy, as well as its relationship with nutritional and inflammatory markers and doses of erythropoietin received. Patients: patients with chronic kidney disease treated at RTS Caldas, in the following programs: predialysis, post-renal transplant, hemodialysis, and peritoneal dialysis. All these patients had attended any of these programs uninterruptedly for at least three months; they agreed to participate in the study and had the necessary laboratory studies, as well as registered doses of erythropoietin. Methods: three hundred thirty-six patients met the inclusion criteria: 24 (7%) in predialysis, 164 (49%) in hemodialysis, 114 (34%) in PD and 34 (10%) in post-renal transplant. The following demographic data were established and assessed: Silness and Loe plaque indices (oral Health) and Loe and Silness gingival indices, caries experience in Decayed-Missing-Filled Teeth Index (DMFT) and stomatologic diagnosis. Additionally, laboratory reports were recorded indicating the infammation state of the patients: albumin, ferritin, transferrin saturation and erythropoietin dosage. Results: pre-dialysis and post-renal transplant populations did not give suffIcient information to be included in the statistical analysis. The following information was obtained from dialysis patients: 63% had good oral hygiene, 33% fair, and only 3% had poor oral hygiene. The prevalence of periodontal disease was high, affecting 75% of patients. Severe gingivitis was present in 35-38% of patients. The DMFT index showed a high prevalence of caries. No relationship was found between laboratory results for infammatory markers, periodontal health, and doses of erythropoietin. Conclusions: the oral hygiene of dialysis patients is satisfactory. However, they have a high prevalence of periodontal disease and tooth decay. This suggests that factors related to the uremic medium, pH and salivary fow favor its appearance. The evaluation of these parameters in future studies could provide more conclusive results, as well as the use of more sensitive markers of infammation. Early evaluation provided by dental professionals is a priority for all patients with CKD in order to prevent the occurrence of periodontal disease. (Acta Med Colomb 2010; 36: 173-180)

Palavras-chave : chronic kidney disease; periodontal disease; oral health.

        · resumo em Espanhol     · texto em Espanhol     · Espanhol ( pdf )


Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons