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Acta Medica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-2448

Abstract

CARDONA, Andrés Felipe et al. Prognostic value of microvascular density and expression of VEGF, EGFR and HIF-1α in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer treated with chemoradiation (ONCOLGroup)§. Acta Med Colomb [online]. 2012, vol.37, n.3, pp.117-126. ISSN 0120-2448.

Introduction: cervical carcinoma is the second leading cause of cancer death among women in Colombia. Objective: to describe the prognostic value of microvascular density (MVD) and protein expression of several genes related to survival and proliferation of locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) treated with chemoradiation / intracavitary brachytherapy. We estimated the overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Results: we included 61 women with a mean age of 52 ± 10 years; all were diagnosed with locally advanced cervical cancer (IIA 2.3% / IIB 47.5% / IIIA 4.9% / IIIB 37.7% / IVA 3.3% / 3.3% undefined ), with an average tumor volume of 6.4cm (SD ± 1.8cm) and HPV infection in 46% of cases. 58 subjects (95%) had a squamous pattern; two were adenocarcinomas and >50% had moderate or poorly differentiated neoplasms. All were treated with chemoradiation (temporary interruption of teletherapy due to toxicity, and other causes was documented in 19% and 21.4% respectively / mean of concomitant platinum cycles 4.8 ± 1.0) and brachytherapy (77% completed intracavitary treatment). The median PFS and OS was 6.6 months (4.0-9.1) and 30 months (11-48), respectively. None of the variables had an effect on the PFS, while multivariate analysis demonstrated that the levels of VEGF expression (p = 0.026), EGFR (p = 0.030), and tumor volume <6 cm (p = 0.02) influenced this outcome. Conclusion: the characterization of genes related to angiogenesis and cell proliferation in locally advanced cervical cancer treated with platinum-based chemoradiation had a positive influence on the prognosis. (Acta Med Colomb 2012; 37: 106-117).

Keywords : cervical cancer; human papillomavirus; chemotherapy; radiotherapy; gene expression; survival.

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