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Acta Medica Colombiana

versión impresa ISSN 0120-2448

Resumen

GALLO, Shirley Neireth; DURAN, Luis Fernando; MOLANO, Víctor Manuel  y  NUNEZ, Nicolás Arturo. Assessment of educational strategy to strengthen the guide for the use of thromboprophylaxis in a colombian hospital. Acta Med Colomb [online]. 2015, vol.40, n.1, pp.24-29. ISSN 0120-2448.

Objective: to evaluate the guide for the use of thromboprophylaxis by doctors who participated in the educational strategy by assessing the medical records of hospitalized adult patients in the medical or surgical area of the Hernando Moncaleano Perdomo University Hospital in order to strengthen abilities in preventing venous thromboembolism. Material and Methods: descriptive, observational study with measurement before and after the use of guide thromboprophylaxis, without control group, by physicians according to clinical records of patients older than 14 years hospitalized for more than 24 hours. The exclusion criteria were the stories of hospitalized patients in: ICU, obstetrics, pediatrics, psychiatry and ophthalmology services. An education strategy aimed at increasing the adhesion of the medical staff to use the "Guide thromboprophylaxis" adopted from the 8th Guide ACCP (American College of Chest Physicians) in agreement with each of the medical services. The variables used were of the dichotomous nominal scale, which is why the frequency calculation was used and thereafter the rate and contingency table was calculated, allowing to calculate the extent of relative risk and hypothesis testing. Results: in the University Hospital Hernando Moncaleano Perdomo in the city of Neiva the prescription of guide thromboprophylaxis increased by adherence to the guide in 26% of difference between the first observation and the next (went from 46-72%) and there was a reduction in inappropriate prescription of prophylaxis in 26% between the first observation and the next (went from 54-28%). Conclusion: the implemented educational strategy was effective given that it increased adherence of physicians to guide prophylaxis. (Acta Med Colomb 2015; 40: 24-29).

Palabras clave : secondary prevention; thromboprophylaxis; medical education.

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