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Acta Medica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-2448

Abstract

BOTERO, Adriana María; USUGA, Xiomara; CUERVO, Claudia María  and  OSSA-GIRALDO, Ana Claudia. Prevalence of corynebacterium spp. and associated factors in women of Valle de Aburrá. Acta Med Colomb [online]. 2015, vol.40, n.3, pp.234-240. ISSN 0120-2448.

Introduction: Corynebacterium spp. is present in vaginal fluid of asymptomatic women, but it has been found associated with disease processes, creating confusion when classified as normal or pathogenic flora. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of Corynebacterium spp. and explore its association with clinical characteristics and sexual habits. Materials and Methods: descriptive cross-sectional study in 511 women of Valle de Aburrá in 2012 and 2013. Demographic, clinical and sexual behavioral data were obtained through surveys; information about genital microbiological profile was obtained from sample of vaginal discharge. Descriptive analysis was done with frequencies and summary measures; for bivariate analysis χ square, Fisher exact test and Mann Whitney U test were used, and logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis; analysis were performed in the statistical program SPSS Statistics version 22. Results: The prevalence of Corynebacterium spp was 59%. Regarding sexual behavior during the last pre-sampling month, we found that participants had sex with a person on average (range from 0-3 different people); regarding practices during intercourse in the same month, it was observed that 58% of women had sex without a condom, to 61% oral sex was practiced and to 10% anal sex. Association of Corynebacterium spp with leukocyte reaction was found. Conclusions: The prevalence of Corynebacterium spp was 59% and was found associated with leukocyte reaction; it was not associated to specific sexual behaviors or gynecological symptoms. (Acta Med Colomb 2015; 40: 234-240).

Keywords : Corynebacterium; vaginal discharge; women; microbiota; Colombia.

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