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Acta Medica Colombiana

Print version ISSN 0120-2448

Abstract

DELOR, Raúl Real; DUARTE, Sandra Elizabeth  and  LOPEZ, Nelson. Cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents in a city of Paraguay. Acta Med Colomb [online]. 2017, vol.42, n.1, pp.30-34. ISSN 0120-2448.

Introduction:

cardiovascular risk factors appear early in childhood and adolescence. The main ones are: arterial hypertension, obesity, inadequate diet, sedentary lifestyle, alcoholism and smoking.

Objective:

to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents of the National School of Diversified Middle Education of Itá (Paraguay) who attended clinical control in March and April 2.015.

Methodology:

observational, descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional study that included 132 adolescents of both sexes.

Results:

prevalences were: systolic arterial hypertension 1.5%, overweight 8.3%, obesity 2.7%, sedentary lifestyle 58.3%, smoking 6.8% and occasional alcohol consumption 47.7%. Overweight and obesity did not show a statistically significant relationship with high blood pressure.

Conclusions:

the prevalence of arterial hypertension and excess weight found were low. Draws attention the high frequency of low weight and the tendency to sedentarism. Among smokers, twothirds correspond to women.

Keywords : adolescent; arterial hypertension; obesity; sedentary lifestyle; smoking; alcohol intake.

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