Lecturas de Economía
versão impressa ISSN 0120-2596
BARRIENTOS MARIN, Jorge. Quality of Public Education and Academic Achievement in Medellín, 2004-2006. An Application of Intercuartil Regression. Lect. Econ. [online]. 2008, n.68, pp. 121-144. ISSN 0120-2596.
In this paper we study the effect of family and school background on students' academic performance, who attended public schools in Medellín. Two approaches are implemented in this work. Firstly, we investigate the effect of covariates on different segments of scores' distribution by quantile regression. Secondly, we are interested in estimating the school effect on average academic performance by estimating a linear regression with a large dummy-variable set. This procedure fits a one-way fixed-effects model. We found that the effect of the individual characteristics on academic achievement is stronger for best students. Additionally, we detect that the school effect is weaker in public schools than the private ones.
Palavras-chave : academic achievement; school effect; ICFES test; quantile regression.