Revista Colombiana de Química
Print version ISSN 0120-2804
The present work tries to do a contribution to the knowledge of the electrochemical behavior of tinplate containers in citrate ion medium and the role that citrate ion concentration plays on the stability of the containers; all that, through the individual electrochemical study of the materials of which the tinplate is made, steel and tin. The study was done by potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance on electrodes made with both materials, immersed in solutions of different citrate concentrations at pH 3,0. It was evidenced that the citrate ion has a remarkable effect of anodic depolarization on tin with the formation of soluble and stable complexes. This causes that tin becomes anodic with respect to the steel being able to grant an anticorrosive protection to the steel substrate of the tinplate containers.
Keywords : Citrate; corrosion; tinplate; potentiodynamic polarization; electrochemical impedance.