Print version ISSN 0120-2812
PEREZ P, Claudia Milena; NARRO L, Luis Alberto and CHECA C, Óscar Eduardo. Evaluation of maize genotypes with high quality protein for the Eastern Plains of Colombia. Acta Agron. [online]. 2010, vol.59, n.2, pp. 162-169. ISSN 0120-2812.
The objective of the work was to select genotypes with high quality protein maize (QPM) and adapted to acid soils. Corn populations F2 of QPM were evaluated in the eastern plains of Colombia, by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) México. Populations were divided in two groups of 70 and 90 genotypes. The experimental designs consisted on a Alpha Lattice of 10x7 and 10x9, with two repetitions, were. The main criteria of selection were grain yield (t/ha) and texture of endosperm, as indicator of modifier genes. The experiments were analyzed using the procedures MIXED and GLM with the Maxima method Restricted Probability (REML) of SAS 9.1.3. With the Alpha Lattice of 10x7, the results indicated that under conditions of acidity, the best genotype, accession 54 with 4,86t/ha, was similar to the commercial hybrid H-108 check. This material showed good texture also. In the Alpha Lattice of 10x9, the commercial material with greater yield was HEZC- 318 (7.57 t/ha) and the best accession, 33 and 77 did not out yield it, but the texture was good. The evaluation for modification of endosperm with the light table, 44 families F2 showed the presence of the gene opaque 2 that transfers the ACP characteristics and high yield.
Keywords : Zea mays L; acid soils; F2 populations; gene opaque 2; grain yield; Eastern plain Colombia.