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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y de Zootecnia

Print version ISSN 0120-2952


MORENO-GARCIA, N. P.; CAMARGO-POVEDA, A. M.; CARO, L. G.  and  ANDRADE-BECERRA, R. J.. Leukemia viruses and feline immunodeficiency: a retrospective study in private veterinary clinics in Bogotá and Chía (Colombia), 2015-2019. Rev. Med. Vet. Zoot. [online]. 2022, vol.69, n.2, pp.155-165.  Epub Aug 08, 2022. ISSN 0120-2952.

Immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus represent major problems for domestic felines due to the multiplicity of symptoms they manifest. The objective of the present study was to establish, retrospectively, the prevalence in the presentation of FeLV and FIV in patients from six small animal clinics in Bogota and Chia, related to factors such as age, race, and gender. A cross-sectional and retrospective study was carried out, collecting data from 1.014 clinical records of feline patients who were admitted to six clinics in the city of Bogota and Chia, to determine the prevalence of FIV and FeLV and their association with factors such as age, gender, and race, between 2015 and 2019 through the OR test. The detection of the viruses was carried out through a rapid test based on immunochromatography. The highest prevalence for each disease per year was 12,3% for FIV in 2012 and 18% for FeLV in 2019. Males presented higher seroprevalences for both diseases during most of the years evaluated. Factors such as race (Creole: FIV: 1,85; FeLV: 2,01), gender (male: FIV: 1.53 OR, FeLV: 1,64), and age (> 7 years: FIV: 3.82; FeLV: 3.21) were positively related to the presentation of both diseases in the feline population evaluated.

Keywords : ELISA; retrovirus; chronic disease; immunochromatography; diagnosis.

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