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Apuntes del Cenes

Print version ISSN 0120-3053

Abstract

ALONSO CIFUENTES, Julio César  and  GONZALEZ TERAN, Ángela María. Evaluation of the Kuznets Hypothesis for Colombia 1977-2005. Apuntes del Cenes [online]. 2017, vol.36, n.63, pp.43-61. ISSN 0120-3053.  http://dx.doi.org/10.19053/01203053.v36.n63.2017.4642.

Inequality in a country can have serious consequences in the economic development and that is why it is important the study of the causes of its variations. Therefore, this document aims to explain how is affected the income inequality by changes in economic growth, population and nominal exchange rate. Following the Kuznets curve hypothesis (1955), a bad indicator of inequality in the short term is necessary to achieve better equality in the long term as an effect of the economic growth. The study is done for Colombia, between 1977 and 2005, with quarterly data. Our results show that the relation between economic growth and income distribution can be explained by the Kuznets hypothesis.

Keywords : income inequality; economic growth; exchange rate; long run; short run.

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