Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología
Print version ISSN 0120-3347
RAMIREZ, Lizceth Jazmín et al. Modelo de enseñanza de las habilidades psicomotoras básicas en anestesia para estudiantes de ciencias de la salud: sistematización de una experiencia. Rev. colomb. anestesiol. [online]. 2008, vol.36, n.2, pp. 85-92. ISSN 0120-3347.
This type of qualitative research, proposes a pedagogical model designed to facilitate teaching and lear-ning processes of the following basic psychomotor skills in anesthesia: orotracheal intubation, placement of laryngeal mask and channeling vein in children and adults. The model was designed through the adoption of some theories and designs proposed in the literature, the systematization of teaching experience, and leading tests of the instructions to students who perform hospital practices. The general objectives set for the systematization were: first, systematize the experience of building a pe-dagogical model aimed at facilitating the process of teaching and learning of psychomotor skills in basic anesthesia. Second, help improve the qualifcation of the practice of anesthesiologists and educators in anes-thesia, upon recognition of knowledge of an expert team of anesthesiologists and teachers in the area. The results of the systematization were: first, the description of the more relevant assumptions used for the design of an instructive teaching tool of psychomotor skills. Second, proposing a method for teaching these skills and developing a tool for evaluating the students’ psychomotor skills. The conclusion of the systematization was: first, the teaching of psychomotor skills can be based on as-sumptions, theories and models defned in the literature in a synergistic manner. Second, the teaching of psychomotor skills requires coherent planning and structuring, given that these competencies are considered as "producing capabilities." And third, instructional evaluation should consider both the processes and results, to achieve greater input from the processes of learning and better interaction between master and apprentice.
Keywords : medical education; psychomotor skills; teaching models.