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Colombian Journal of Anestesiology

versión impresa ISSN 0120-3347


GALVEZ, Kenny  y  CORTES, Claudia. Thromboelastography: New concepts in haemostasis physiology and correlation with trauma associated coagulopathy. Rev. colomb. anestesiol. [online]. 2012, vol.40, n.3, pp.224-230. ISSN 0120-3347.

Initial interpretation of the process of coagulation refers to two pathways: (1) the extrinsic pathway, consisting of tissue factor (TF) and factor VII, and (2) the intrinsic pathway, in which factors XII, XI, IX, VIII and V are involved. Currently, this concept has changed and it is accepted that the main initiating event in blood coagulation is TF exposure. In this article, we review the new concepts of the coagulation cascade based on thromboelastography findings and the different mechanisms involved in trauma-associated coagulopathy. For this purpose, a systematic research was carried out using the main databases, including Medline, Embase and Lilacs between 2000 and 2011. One hundred and fourteen articles were found, and 50 were selected for the review. A relevant finding was that thromboelastography allows a precise detection of the underlying flaw in the coagulation cascade. Therefore, this procedure has become an essential tool and a guide for the management of trauma-associated coagulopathy.

Palabras clave : Hemostasis; Thromboelastography; Wounds and injuries; Blood coagulation.

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