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Revista Colombiana de Anestesiología

Print version ISSN 0120-3347

Abstract

ARIZA, Fredy et al. Are we meeting current recommendations for the initial management of penetrating trauma? A preliminary analysis from a Colombian institutional registry. Rev. colomb. anestesiol. [online]. 2017, vol.45, n.1, pp.39-45. ISSN 0120-3347.

Abstract Introduction: To achieve minimal physiological goals in patients with penetrating thoracoabdominal trauma (TAPT) is essential to ensure adequate outcomes. Objectives: To determine the success in meting basic standards at the end of damage control surgery in subjects with TAPT: (1) Monitoring and prevention of hyperfibrinolysis; (2) central temperature >35 °C; (3) platelet count >50,000/mm3 and serum fibrinogen >150mg/dl; (4) hemoglobin levels >7.5 mg/dl and base deficit <6. Methods: Subjects >18 years old undergoing damage control surgery as a result of TAPT were prospectively collected at a referral center between October Oct-2012 and Dec-2014. Comparisons were done according to the Injury Severity Score (ISS) with a severity value indicator of >25. A p < 0.05 value was considered significant. Results:106 subjects with TAPT were enrolled. Administration of tranexamic acid was only reported in 52.7% of the patients, particularly in the group with low severity scores [Group ISS < 25 36.3% vs. group ISS > 25 65.8%. OR 3.37 (95% CI 1.2-9.85); p = 0.01]. Although the temperature was reported in 91% of the cases, only 66.2-71.4% reached the recommended goal. Serum fibrinogen was measured in 59.5% of the cases and only 52% met the recommended level. The base deficit values of <6 at the end of surgery were only accomplished in 40-43.8% of the subjects, with a significantly lower probability in the more severe patients [53% vs. 35.9%. OR 2.04 (95% CI 1.2-6.02); p = 0.042]. Conclusions: A considerable proportion of patients with TAPT does not meet the current recommendations at the end of damage control surgery.

Keywords : Mortality; Tranexamic acid; Blood coagulation disorders; Multiple trauma; Abdomen.

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