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Forma y Función

Print version ISSN 0120-338X


ALVAREZ, Alexandra  and  CHUMACEIRO, Irma. THE INVESTITURE SPEECH IN THE REELECTION OF URIBE AND CHÁVEZ. Forma funcion, Santaf, de Bogot, D.C. [online]. 2009, vol.22, n.2, pp.13-42. ISSN 0120-338X.

With the investiture speech, a president shapes the image of a nation as well as their personal image in a ritual bearing a performative feature. An act of oath, the discourse is important because of its eloquent force and because it constitutes the first statement of a president or Head of State. An inaugural address targets a broad and complex audience, even an international community. This article analyzes the features of inauguration speech from the analysis of the text of the take of possession for the consecutive term of two Latin American presidents: Álvaro Uribe Vélez, sworn on the 7th of August of 2006, and Hugo Chávez, who resumed the presidency of his country on the 10th of January of 2007. The article also studies, in each discourse, the use of the concept of a nation and the semantic boundaries of this word to determine the pragmatic outcomes as the result of its use. The method employed in the study was Critical Discourse Analysis, one with a critical intent, as defined by Fairclough (1995), Van Dijk (1999), Wodak & Meyer (2003). Throughout the analysis of both discourses, it was possible to establish the structural stylistic differences as well as the different ways in which they construct the identity of both the speaker and the audience.

Keywords : investiture discourse; political discourse; critical discourse analysis.

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